Aptitud cardiorrespiratoria y adiposidad frente al nivel de actividad física

  • Carlos Alberto Ramos Parrací Universidad del Tolima http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8240-2024
  • Elvia Constanza Palomino Devia Universidad del Tolima
  • Nelson Rodríguez Arias Universidad del Tolima

Resumen

Con el objetivo de determinar el comportamiento de la Aptitud Cardiorrespiratoria y la adiposidad frente al nivel de actividad física de la población adulta de la ciudad de Neiva, se evaluaron 972 sujetos entre 18 a 75 años de edad. Estudio Descriptivo Correlacional. Los datos se analizaron en SPSS-23 e InfoStat/Profesional 1,2. La metodología partió de la descripción de variables, posteriormente el grado de asociación entre ellas (coeficiente de correlación de Pearson), los grupos conformados se compararon (Prueba ANOVA y comparación multiple LSD Fisher); por último, se estableció el grado de agrupamiento entre las variables (Prueba Average Linkage). Los resultados evidenciaron diferencias significativas en índice de masa corporal (IMC), Frecuencia Cardiaca Reposo (FCR) y Consumo Máximo de Oxigeno (VO2máx.), entre activos e inactivos; asociación del 5%, entre el IMC con FCR y VO2máx, índice cintura–cadera (ICC) y porcentaje grasa corporal (%GC); del ICC con %GC, VO2máx, Tensión Arterial Sistólica (TAS) y Diastólica (TAD); del %GC con FCR, TAD y VO2máx; la FCR con VO2máx; la TAS con TAD y VO2máx rechazando la hipótesis de independencia. Concluyendo que los indicadores de adiposidad y aptitud cardiorrespiratoria evidencian la combinación de factores de riesgo de enfermedades de índole hipocinético en la población.

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Biografía del autor

Carlos Alberto Ramos Parrací, Universidad del Tolima
Doctor en Alto Rendimiento Deportivo. Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla–España

Magister en Rendimiento Deportivo. Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla–España

Especialista en Actividad Física Terapéutica. Escuela Nacional del Deporte, Cali-Colombia

Fisioterapeuta. Corporación Universitaria Iberoamericana. Bogotá-Colombia

Licenciado en Educación Física. Universidad Surcolombiana. Neiva-Colombia

Docente de Planta Progrma de Educación Física, Deportes y Recreación

Elvia Constanza Palomino Devia, Universidad del Tolima
Doctora en Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla– España

Magister en Pedagogía de la Cultura Física, Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia. Bogotá-Colombia

Licenciada en Educación Física, Deportes y Recreación Universidad del Tolima. Ibagué-Colombia

Docente de Planta Progrma de Educación Física, Deportes y Recreación

 
Nelson Rodríguez Arias, Universidad del Tolima

Magister en Ciencias Estadistica. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogotá-Colombia

Especialista en Estadística. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogotá-Colombia   

Especialista en Matemática Avanzada. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogotá-Colombia   

Licenciado en Matemáticas. Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica De Colombia. Tunja-Colombia

Director del Departamento de Matemáticas con Enfásis en Estadística. Universidad del Tolima-Colombia

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Publicado
Jun 29, 2017
Cómo citar
Ramos Parrací, C., Palomino Devia, E., & Rodríguez Arias, N. (2017). Aptitud cardiorrespiratoria y adiposidad frente al nivel de actividad física. EducacióN FíSica Y Ciencia, 19(1), e020. doi:10.24215/23142561e020
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Artículos

Palabras clave

Actividad física; estilo de vida; aptitud física; adiposidad / Key words: Physical Activity; life style; physical fitness; adiposity